Course Syllabus

The following is the syllabus of UGBA 192AC from Spring 2020. The list of resources under each week might serve as useful additional resources to understand the topics. 

Social Movements & Social Media

An American Cultures Engaged Scholarship (ACES) Course
Instructor: David Evan Harris
University of California, Berkeley – Haas School of Business
Undergraduate Business Administration (UGBA) 192AC 
Spring 2020 Syllabus v12.0

Course Description
Social Movements and Social Media provides a critical survey of innovative social movements and their complex relationships to social media technologies. 

Spanning a wide variety of movements, the course will examine the evolution from pre-social-media to present-day mobilizing strategies and the interplay between explicitly policy- and advocacy-focused approaches and related efforts rooted in music, visual arts, popular culture, and celebrities. The course will place into comparative relief the discourses of explicitly racially- or ethnically-defined movements and movements that mobilize based on other, sometimes overlapping categories of analysis including class, immigration status, gender identity, disability, and occupational category. From the Freedom Movements of the 1960’s to the modern-day Tea Party mobilization, the course will consider the organizational structures and cultural context of change, from church pews to hashtag activism and clicktivism.

As part of the American Cultures Engaged Scholarship (ACES) program, you will have the opportunity to work directly with the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (YBCA), one of San Francisco’s premier arts institutions, founded with a mandate “to feature culturally diverse, community-based, national and international contemporary interdisciplinary arts, culture and entertainment,” and, “designed to participate in experimentation, change and the discourse and debate between the arts and public life.” You will have the opportunity to work with multiple groups within YBCA, including the Civic Engagement curatorial department, which frequently presents interdisciplinary cultural works with deep connections to social movements. You will also have the opportunity to work with the Global Lives Project, a video library of life experience around the world, as this local nonprofit (founded by the instructor) prepares for a major exhibit at four locations across the Berkeley campus during this semester. The course format will be divided into roughly equal parts seminar, lecture and guest speakers.

Course Outline

  • Week 1 (1/22): Introductions – Logistics, syllabus review, goals, expectations
  • Week 2 (1/29): Immigration reform movement (#DREAMers, Define American)
  • Week 3 (2/5): Open Source, the Commons and Civic Tech
  • Week 4 (2/12): Climate Change and Environmental Justice in Brazil
  • Week 5 (2/19): #ArabSpring & #OccupyGezi
  • Week 6 (2/26): #OccupyWallSt to #OccupyCentral
  • Week 7 (3/4): #GoodWorkCode, Domestic Workers, the Worker’s Lab
  • Week 8: #BlackLivesMatter and Midterm Exam (3/11)
  • Week 9 (3/18): Tenants’ Rights Movement (anti-eviction, anti-gentrification)
  • Week 10: No Class – Spring Break
  • Week 11: #MAGA (4/1)
  • Week 12 (4/8): #MeToo
  • Week 13 (4/15):  New Economies, New Technologies
  • Week 14 (4/22): Human Rights & Disinformation
  • Week 15 (4/29): 2020 Election

Course Schedule


What is a social movement? What does it mean to build a movement? How does the way that we interact affect our ability to organize? Can Facebook, Twitter and Instagram stir a generation to civic activism and social change? What is the legacy of past great movements such as the Civil Rights and the Southern Freedom Movements for the #Dreamers of today? Is social media just one more tool in the playbook of communicating connection, or is it its own political infrastructure and platform?

The ACES component of this course will provide opportunities for you to participate in collaborative projects with community partners, engage in experiential learning, create meaningful collaborative research environments with partners outside of the university, support reflective engagement on broad social issues and interests, and explore the possibilities and challenges of collaborative scholarship for both community partners and academic communities.

Week 1 (1/22): Introductions – Logistics, syllabus review, goals, expectations

“From the IndyMedia peer-sharing websites during the anti-globalization protests in Seattle against the World Trade Organization (WTO) to the so-called Facebook and Twitter revolutions of the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street, many have suggested that digital architecture and platforms in general, and social media in particular, have shepherded in a new way to organize with less organization/s.” (Schradie, 2014:2)

Social media is used as often as a light bulb is turned on, and as such is part of our everyday existence, including our political worlds. How does this rise of social media mobilize political engagement and what does this look like across different groups, racial, intersectional and otherwise? 

Students will embark upon the task of constructing a comparative analysis of social movements and their racial/ethnic form. Our principal community partner will introduce their work in the context of the digital landscapes in which contemporary cultural institutions operate. During this session, we will review the social movements to be covered during this course in their historical context. 

In the tradition of reflexive sociology, the instructor will present his own experience of founding and leading the Global Lives Project, a nonprofit organization rooted in multiple social movements, and operating online via social media and in new media installations at museums, schools and public spaces. The goal of the Global Lives Project is to break down barriers between people of different nationalities, races, ethnicities, religions, genders and classes, by deepening understanding of everyday lived experience. 


Week 2 (1/29): Immigration reform movement (#DREAMers, Define American)

How important was social media for the rise of the Immigration reform movement? Are campaigns like that of the #DREAMers particularly well-suited toward different social media platforms given the sensitivities of participants in publicly revealing their immigration status? How does the connection between movement rallying online and in protests connect to lobbying and policy advocacy efforts? How are the #DREAMers and #BlackLivesMatter hashtags and  movements similar or different in this regard? What can we learn from historic Filipino-Mexican alliances in agricultural labor organizing and the grape boycott that could be applied today?

How do discourses of race, class and language intersect in these two movements? How do organizations like the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights, Define American or see their relationship to these movements as a whole? How do independent movement activists view the participation in their movements of formalized organizations like these?

How do personal narratives, theater and documentaries play a role in this and other social movements? What lessons can we learn about the craft of storytelling and its importance to social movements from the cultural works of Jose Antonio Vargas and Gary Soto? Can nonprofit organizations like Define American simultaneously harness and amplify the cultural momentum generated by successful journalistic efforts?

Required media

Optional media

  • Vargas, Jose Antonio, Dear America, Notes of an Undocumented Citizen, Dey Street Books, 2018.
  • Nicholls, Walter. The DREAMers: How the Undocumented Youth Movement Transformed the Immigrant Rights Debate. Stanford University Press, 2013. (Introduction)


Week 3 (2/5): Open Source, the Commons and Civic Tech

Guest Speaker: Josh Hendler, CTO, Purpose/DNC

When does it make sense for a social movement to step away from existing platforms like Facebook and Twitter and develop their own social media technologies? How have the movements for open source software and free culture influenced the way that the social movements previously discussed in the course have used online tools to their advantage? Have organizations like Creative Commons and the P2P Foundation succeeded in their efforts to transmit the culture and values of open source sharing and collaboration to fields beyond software?

The civic technology movement has drawn a variety of institutional actors—non-profit, for-profit and government—to seek out ways to deepen citizen involvement in the political process. Some of these initiatives verge on direct or “liquid democracy,” while others seek to deepen relationships between government officials and agencies with the public without changing overall structures (i.e., Participatory Politics Foundation, Sunlight Foundation, Participatory Budgeting Project). How are each of these types of institutional actors different in their approaches to social media and platform construction? Which is best-suited, if any, to succeed in bringing about long-term political change? Are for-profit institutions with non-profit-emulating brands like or ethical?

Groups like Anonymous and Wikileaks reflect the failure of existing government agencies to build trust with their citizenry. The relative ease of hacking and online information sharing has made these groups ever more powerful. How can governments respond to the challenges posed by these groups and movements? How can new technologies like blockchain governance make existing governance structures less relevant or even obsolete? 

Required media

Optional media

Week 4 (2/12): Climate Change and Environmental Justice in Brazil

Guest Speaker: Paul Paz y Miño, Associate Director, Amazon Watch

Paul joined Amazon Watch in 2007. He has an MA in International Affairs from George Washington University. Since 1995, he has volunteered as Colombia Country Specialist for Amnesty International USA and was the Guatemala/Chiapas Program Director at the Seva Foundation for seven years. Paul has lived in Chiapas, Mexico and Quito, Ecuador, promoting human rights and community development and working directly with indigenous communities. Paul is also an Associate Fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies and served on the board of Peace Brigades International USA.

Follow Paul on Twitter: @paulpaz

Indigenous peoples assertion of rights, land and sovereignty is a powerful and central force in the international human rights movement, that seeks to create common ground for all individuals, peoples and nations. How have indigenous people’s contemporary mobilizations evolved, particularly from the protests against the 500th anniversary celebrations of Columbus in 1994, to the UN Convention of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in 2007? How does celebrity support and engagement affect these movements? How do mobilizations for indigenous people’s rights inside and outside the US differ?

In urban Brazil over the past four years, a series of social-media-enabled protests against government corruption have rattled an entrenched political elite. How have Brazil’s new social movements paralleled Occupy Wall Street and other movements from other countries? How have indigenous people’s movements connected with the anti-corruption movements? How do centrally designed campaigns like Purpose’s “Meu Rio” connect with or alienate grassroots activists? 

Required media

Optional media


Week 5 (2/19): #ArabSpring & #OccupyGezi 

How were social media tools used in different parts of the Arab Spring movements. How can we explain the success of mobilizations in Tunisia in comparison with the continuing struggles and regression in Egypt, Libya and Bahrain? Did Tunisia’s grassroots-based mobilization, followed by a participatory process to write a new constitution for the nation set an example for the region? Does support from the US and other international military coalitions make it more difficult for grassroots mobilization to succeed? How has the US intelligence establishment engaged social media in the course of the Arab Spring uprisings?x

Required media

Optional media


Week 6 (2/26): #OccupyWallSt to #OccupyCentral

Examine historical antecedents, the evolution from pre-social-media to present-day mobilizing strategies used by the Occupy Wall Street movement, and alliances between more explicitly policy- and advocacy-focused approaches and their relationships to music, visual arts, popular culture and celebrities. If Occupy Wall Street (OWS) is not the first time that people have organized to critique the economic system, how does OWS borrow, appropriate and learn from those particularly racial-ethnic antecedents such as the Poor People’s Campaign? How can we track the “success” or “failure” of a movement like OWS? How has OWS impacted the 2016 presidential election?

How did the Anti-Globalization Movement, also known as the Global Justice Movement—at its peak roughly a dozen years before OWS—inspire, set the stage for, or complicate the mobilization of OWS? How are the discursive underpinnings of the two movements related? How did organizations like Adbusters Magazine, Global Exchange and others engage differently with the two movements? How did the two movements construct narratives that connected racial and economic injustices in the US and abroad differently? 

Required media

Optional media


Week 7 (3/4): #GoodWorkCode, Domestic Workers, the Worker’s Lab

Guest Speakers: Adrian Haro & Jeshua John, The Worker’s Lab

Adrian assumed the role of Interim CEO in November 2019. He joined The Workers Lab in 2017 as Managing Director. In that role, he oversaw the formation of The Workers Lab non-profit corporation and doubled the budget and staff. Prior to The Workers Lab, Adrian worked at Civitas Public Affairs Group where he provided a cross-section of communications, project and organizational management, and strategic planning expertise. In 2014, he served in-house with Autism Speaks, the world’s leading autism awareness organization, to help shape and drive a global research, advocacy, and public policy agenda. He also worked closely with Voto Latino, the Alliance for Safety and Justice, the True Colors Fund, and the Astraea Lesbian Foundation for Justice.

Before Civitas, Adrian served as speechwriter to U.S. Secretary of Labor, Hilda L. Solis. Adrian worked as a press officer on the Hispanic Media Team at the 2012 Democratic National Convention and has been recognized by the National Association of Government Communicators for his work as a speechwriter. He began his political career as a field organizer on Barack Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign. Adrian worked for American Latino producer, entertainment executive, and community activist, Moctesuma Esparza before his career in politics and government. He is a native Spanish speaker and holds a bachelor of arts degree in political science and communications from California State University, Long Beach. He was born and raised in Pico Rivera, California.

Jeshua is currently the Program Manager at The Workers Lab. Collaborating with the Program Director, he manages the strategy, development, data collection, and evaluation of all programming for The Workers Lab, such as the Innovation Fund, Design Sprint, and Learning Lab. Previous to joining The Workers Lab, Jeshua was an associate intern at Business for Social Responsibility (BSR), a global management consultancy dedicated to sustainability, where he primarily developed the strategy and data architecture for Tech Against Trafficking, a coalition of top technology companies collaborating with global experts to eradicate human trafficking using scaled technology.  

Prior to BSR, Jeshua co-authored publications and analyses as a sustainability consultant and research intern at Berkeley Haas on Tesla’s supply chain optimization, waste-to-energy production in the U.S., Life Cycle Assessments of Levi’s jeans, and stakeholder management of Forest Resilience Bonds. His early career included leading growth and partnerships at a tech startup, and interning as a consultant at BTPN, a microfinance bank specializing in empowering and providing services for over 2.5 million low-income Indonesians. Upon graduation, he was named one of Poets&Quants’ Best & Brightest Undergrads for the Class of 2019. Jeshua is a proud transfer student, and graduate of UC Berkeley and the Blum Center for Developing Economies, with a B.S. in Business Administration and a minor in Global Poverty & Practice.  

Explicitly excluded from the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act, domestic workers have long struggled to receive the same basic labor rights that workers in other sectors of the economy take for granted. How have efforts to organize domestic workers in certain parts of the US been stymied by language barriers and immigration status? How have efforts to organize by latino domestic workers differed from efforts to organize black or white domestic workers?

How do new on-demand technology platforms for flexibly contracting domestic labor like TaskRabbit or Handy present new challenges to this movement? How do the narratives, discourses and strategies differ between the National Domestic Workers Alliance Good Work Code campaign, Domestic Workers United, and Human Rights Watch’s domestic workers campaign?

Required media

Optional media

Week 8: #BlackLivesMatter and Midterm Exam (3/11)

Guest Speakers:

Sharon Cooper

Adrian Schurr,

Does the rise of the Movement for Black Lives represent a break with previous movements against police violence and mass incarceration? What would this movement have looked like without social media? How did the media landscapes in which Black Lives Matter and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s arose differ, and how did these differences affect the movements? How do inequities in policing and incarceration connect to broader political economic forces at play?

What are the roles of music and entertainment in Black Lives Matter and other related movements? How does the cultural impact of a music video like Beyoncé’s Formation #BlackLivesMatter compare that of Bob Dylan’s 1975 song, Hurricane? What role have intergenerational connections played in the development of Black Lives Matter? 

How have Alicia Garza’s writings (see below) on queer theory and leadership within the Black Lives Matter influenced the structure and network of the movement as it has grown? How have Garza and Patrisse Cullors (two of the movement’s three founders) communicated about their identities as queer black women in leadership roles in the movement?

Required media

Optional media

  • Ransby, Barbara. (2015). The Class Politics of Black Lives Matter. Dissent 62(4), 31-34. University of Pennsylvania Press. 


Week 9 (3/18): Tenants’ Rights Movement (anti-eviction, anti-gentrification) 

Guest Speaker: Margaretta Lin [postponed]

Margaretta Lin is a serial social and racial justice impact innovator in urban planning, public policy, education, community development, and law. Margaretta is currently the Managing Director of Just Cities, a platform for advancing racial and social equity initiatives, and founding Director of the Dellums Institute for Social Justice. She has served as the City of Oakland’s Deputy City Administrator and founding Director of Strategic Initiatives, the founding Director of East Bay Community Law Center’s Community Economic Justice practice, the founding Director of Youth Together, and Staff Attorney at Public Advocates. She has designed a Restorative Justice in Planning/Policy class for Urban Studies majors and has been an inaugural Urban Equity Fellow at the Institute for Urban & Regional Development at UC Berkeley, Co-Instructor of Berkeley Law’s Economic Justice course, and Desegregation Specialist and Research Associate at ARC Associates. Margaretta has a JD and Masters in Asian Studies from UC Berkeley and a BA in Religious and Asian Studies from the University of Virginia.

She has led the design and development of innovative racial and social equity analyses and Housing Justice policies and programs including the following: the State’s strongest Fair Chance Housing laws; Anti-displacement and racial equity framework for the Los Angeles Department of Transportation’s Vision Zero Community Engagement program; the Oakland Housing Equity Roadmap, comprehensive housing and anti-displacement policies adopted by the Oakland City Council; the Oakland Sustainable Neighborhoods Initiative comprehensive equitable development and transit equity plans for the International Boulevard Corridor.

The San Francisco Bay Area is currently a site of struggle for the rights of tenants seeking to remain in their homes in the face of rapidly increasing housing prices. Does this economic struggle fall along similar racial and ethnic lines as the struggle for domestic workers’ rights? How do the two movements use similar strategies to mobilize across linguistic communities and in the face of complications caused for some constituents because of their immigration status?

Compare the approaches of the San Francisco Tenants’ Union, Tenants Together, the SF Anti-Displacement Coalition and the Anti-Eviction Mapping Project. How are race, ethnicity and class used to frame the movements’ struggles differently by each group? How are comparisons to past waves of displacement of Irish and Italian communities used to justify current gentrification?

Required media

Optional media

  • Jr, Manuel Pastor, Chris Benner, and Martha Matsuoka. This Could Be the Start of Something Big: How Social Movements for Regional Equity Are Reshaping Metropolitan America. Cornell University Press, 2015. (Introduction)
  • Rushkoff, Douglas. Throwing Rocks at the Google Bus: How Growth Became the Enemy of Prosperity. Portfolio Penguin, 2016. 
  • Mina, An Xiao. “When Internet Memes Infiltrate the Physical World.” The Atlantic. May 4, 2017.
  • Henderson, Jason. “Book Review: Local Protest, Global Movements: Capital, Community, and State in San Francisco.” Urban Affairs Review 50, no. 3 (May 1, 2014): 448–50. 


Week 10: No Class – Spring Break

Week 11: #MAGA (4/1)

Guest Speaker: Andy Barkett, former CTO, Republican Party 

How do the grassroots movements discussed in previous sessions relate to US political parties and the political process more broadly? What are the parallels and differences between conservative movements like the Alt-Right, the Tea Party and broadly liberal movements like Occupy Wall Street? How do the digital strategies of the Republican and Democratic parties and their partners compare to one another? How have these strategies evolved over the past two decades?

Required media

Optional media

  • “The Meticulously Engineered Grassroots Network Behind the Bernie Sanders Revolution.” Bloomberg Politics, February 24, 2016.
  • Hochschild, Arlie Russell. Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right. The New Press, 2016.
  • Skocpol, Theda, and Vanessa Williamson. The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism. Oxford University Press, 2011. (Introduction and Chapter 4)
  • Stromer-Galley, Jennifer. Presidential Campaigning in the Internet Age. Oxford University Press, 2014.  (Chapters 1, 6, 7)
  • Kreiss, Daniel. Taking Our Country Back: The Crafting of Networked Politics from Howard Dean to Barack Obama. Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Karpf, David. The MoveOn Effect: The Unexpected Transformation of American Political Advocacy. Oxford University Press, 2012.  (Chapters 1, 7)
  • Engage. “Inside the Cave: The definitive report on the keys to Obama’s success in 2012.” October 23, 2013. http://engage/projects/inside-the-cave/


Week 12 (4/8): #MeToo 

#MeToo emerged in 2017 to expose sexual harassment and abuse at some of the highest levels in entertainment, politics, and industry. The movement empowered victims to speak out and connect with one another and held many powerful men (and women) to account for their actions.

Rise, a national nonprofit, was founded by Amanda Nguyen, a survivor, in November 2014 to pen her own civil rights into existence along with the 25 million rape survivors in the United States. Rise’s immediate goal is to scale up a social movement to pass their Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights – in all 50 states.

Since its inception, Rise has created civil rights protections for more than 60 million survivors of sexual assault through its passage of state-by-state bills.

Guest Speakers: 
Flannery Houston & Jennifer Li, California Leads for Rise Justice Labs

Required Media

  • Mendes, Kaitlynn, Jessica Ringrose, and Jessalynn Keller. “#MeToo and the Promise and Pitfalls of Challenging Rape Culture through Digital Feminist Activism.” European Journal of Women’s Studies 25, no. 2 (May 2018): 236–46.
  • Michelle Rodino-Colocino (2018) Me too, #MeToo: countering cruelty with empathy, Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 15:1, 96-100,


Week 13 (4/15):  New Economies, New Technologies

Guest Speaker: Bennet Wetch, Fair Trade USA 

How have bespoke platforms like those developed by Good World Solutions, and the Slavery Footprint advanced beyond what is possible on platforms like Facebook and Twitter? How do these bespoke platforms connect with existing social media platforms? Why does the Basic Income Guarantee movement appeal to people at opposite ends of the the political spectrum. 

How and why do campaigns and organizations like the Robin Hood Tax (USA) (UK) and Fair Trade USA (International) adopt different strategies in different countries?

How do offline worker cooperatives reflect the structures of open-source software communities? How have cooperatives begun using social media, and constructing their own online platforms to advance their goals? Will worker-owned cooperatives, individually or through associations like the US Federation of Worker Cooperatives or campaigns like the United Nations International Year of Cooperatives, ever be able to compete with top-down technology solutions like Uber and Airbnb?

How did the movement for fair trade build on the Global Justice Movement? Can the fair trade movement’s growth be directly traced to the successes of the Global Justice movement? Could the schism between fair trade activists and organizations in North America and Europe have been foreseen in the different ways in which Europeans and North Americans engaged with the Global Justice Movement a decade earlier?

Required media

Optional media

Week 14 (4/22): Human Rights & Disinformation

Guest Speaker: Gisela Perez de Acha Chavez

Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, WITNESS, and Invisible Children are four of the most media-savvy organizations in the field of human rights. The four organizations rose to prominence in intervals roughly 10-20 years apart from each other. How did the media environments in which they arose affect the structure of the organizations themselves and their strategies?

The “Global Goals” campaign, a brand that evolved out of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, has leveraged relationships with celebrities, multinational corporations and marketing and branding agencies to launch a massive social-media campaign. How does a campaign with such a centralized core motivate individual activists to join? With multi-million dollar advertising budgets and corporate partnerships, are individuals possibly less motivated to volunteer their time or offer their voices on social media to this campaign? How do corporate brand-driven strategies like Product (RED) resemble and differ from these efforts?

Required media

Optional media

  • Dadush, Sarah. “Profiting in (RED): The Need for Enhanced Transparency in Cause-Related Marketing.” SSRN Scholarly Paper. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, June 14, 2010.
  • Swann, Patricia. Cases in Public Relations Management: The Rise of Social Media and Activism. Routledge, 2014. (Chapter 3.5: Apple iProblem: Subcontractor Worker Issues Bring Negative Attention)
  • Youde, Jeremy. “Ethical Consumerism or Reified Neoliberalism? Product (RED) and Private Funding for Public Goods.” New Political Science 31, no. 2 (June 1, 2009): 201–20.
  • “Finding Alternatives to ‘Clicktivism’.” SoundCloud Channel: netposi. January 22, 2016.


Week 15 (4/29): 2020 Election

Guest Speaker: Greg Dale: Tech for Campaigns

What motivates people to join social movements? How can we more deeply understand the role of specific emotions in online social movements? Can a person be motivated to take a stand for justice purely through online interactions? Are in-person bonds necessary for social movement cohesion? What are the advantages of and limits to empathy as an overarching framework for social action? 

How are groups like the Greater Good Science Center bridging the gap between research and practice in this field? How can video-based approaches like the Global Lives Project and The BULLY Project increase their impact through education and audience engagement strategies? How are organizations like Roots of Empathy and Ashoka, with their Empathy program communicating with the public and donors about the short-term and long-term impact of their work?

How can the dynamics of online games like Jane McGonigal’s My2024 (built on the Foresight Engine platform) be used to achieve social justice ends? What can the neuroscience research behind prosocial game design and the popularity of Games for Change teach us about social movements? 

Required media

Optional media


Additional Optional Media

  • Castells, Manuel. Networks of Outrage and Hope: Social Movements in the Internet Age. John Wiley & Sons, 2015. (Opening: Networking Minds, Creating Meaning, Contesting Power)
  • Gerbaudo, Paolo. Tweets and the Streets: Social Media and Contemporary Activism. Pluto Press, 2012. (Introduction; chapters 1 & 5) 
  • Kahler, Miles. Networked Politics: Agency, Power, and Governance. Cornell University Press, 2015. (Chapter 1)
  • Ronson, Jon. So You’ve Been Publicly Shamed. Penguin, 2015. (Chapter 11: The Man Who Can Change the Google Search Results)
  • Nye, Joseph. “Global Power Shifts,” TED Talk, 2010 (video).
  • Lievrouw, Leah. Alternative and Activist New Media. Polity, 2011. (Chapters 1-3)
  • Tilly, Charles, and Lesley J. Wood. Social Movements 1768-2012. Routledge, 2015. (Introduction)
  • Johnston, Hank. What Is a Social Movement? John Wiley & Sons, 2014. (Chapters 1 & 7)
  • Horberg, E. J., & Keltner, D. (2007). “Passions for justice.” Advances in the psychology of justice and affect, 155-174.
  • Rifkin, Jeremy. The Empathic Civilization: The Race to Global Consciousness in a World in Crisis. Penguin, 2009. (Introduction)
  • McGonigal, Jane. Reality Is Broken: Why Games Make Us Better and How They Can Change the World. Penguin, 2011. (Chapters 5, 6 and 14)
  • Brooks, David. “The Limits of Empathy.” The New York Times, September 29, 2011.
  • Wojcicki, Esther. “Antidote to Terror: Teaching Empathy Through the Global Lives Project.” The Huffington Post, December 15, 2015.